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Welcome to the official online FAQ page for the Official Handbooks of the Marvel Universe. Here we hope to answer some of the more common queries Marvel and the Handbook writers have received regarding the current incarnation of the OHOTMU.

Last Updated: 01/26/2007

Contact Us

If you've found something in a Handbook that you believe to be in error, an omission, something else you wish to bring to our attention, or just comments in general, you can either write to us care of Marvel at:

Marvel Handbooks c/o Marvel Enterprises, Inc. 135 West 50th St, 7th Floor NY, NY 10020

or e-mail us at ohotmu @ (please note this is not an active link. You will have to type it in, minus the spaces around the @. This is to reduce spam.)

Please note that while the various writers have other e-mail addresses, either personal or for their own websites, using these other e-mail addresses to bring up Handbook topics is likely to mean you will have a long wait before you get a reply, if you get one at all.

Fans can also visit the Official Handbook Discussion Forum @ the Comixfan Website, "Who Watches The Watchers?", to find out more about the recent Handbooks and related titles as well as chat with the writers!

What does OHOTMU stand for?

The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe, a series of reference guides which have been released over the years describing and chronicling many of the characters, groups, organizations, places and events which have been shown within that fictional universe.

What were the previous editions of the OHOTMU?

The original Official Handbook series was released between 1982 and 1984, and ran for 15 issues. The first twelve listed characters alphabetically, followed by two issues which covered dead and inactive characters, then a final issue detailing "Weapons, Hardware, and Paraphernalia".

The Deluxe Edition ran for twenty issues between 1985 and 1988; fifteen were devoted to alphabetical listings of active characters, and the last five were given over to this edition's "Book of the Dead". This was supplemented in 1989 with Update '89, adding an additional eight issues to bring this run to a total of 28 issues.

A ten issue Trade Paperback collection of the twenty issue Deluxe Edition, with a few old entries replaced by new ones.

The Master Edition, a 36 issue series of loose leaf pages.

In addition to the above, there have also been a few other guides to aspects of the Marvel universe not considered part of any version of the Official Handbooks above. These were:

The Official Handbook of the Conan Universe - a single issue released in 1986 covering the world of Conan, which was, at the time, a licensed part of the Marvel Universe.

The Gamer's Handbook to the Marvel Universe - released by TSR for their licensed Marvel Universe Role-Playing Game, these large format titles used a similar layout to the Official Handbook line of comics with gaming statistics added. Four volumes were released in 1988, followed by a yearly update volume each year from 1989 to 1992, bringing the total count to eight.

Dorling Kindersley's Ultimate Guide range, which has covered such characters as Spider-Man, the X-Men, the Hulk and the Fantastic Four.

The Marvel Encyclopedia range, larger, hardcover volumes. To date there have been six volumes of this released:

  • Vol. 1 - General
  • Vol. 2 - X-Men
  • Vol. 3 - Hulk
  • Vol. 4 - Spider-Man
  • Vol. 5 - Marvel Knights
  • Vol. 6 - Fantastic Four

What Handbooks are in the current incarnation?

Beginning in 2004, the current incarnation of Handbooks began with a series of "themed" one-shots. These continued throughout 2005. 2006 saw the publication of the 12-issue All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z maxi-series, as well as the Marvel Legacy decade themed one-shots. During this time, several other Handbook-like titles have also been released as companions for various Marvel storylines and events.

2007 saw a mix of "themed" one-shots and an A-Z Update mini-series.

For a quick index, see below. For a more comprehensive list, please visit our Listings page here @

2004 Handbooks

  • X-Men 2004
  • Spider-Man 2004
  • Avengers 2004
  • Hulk 2004
  • Daredevil 2004
  • Wolverine 2004
  • Book of the Dead 2004
  • Golden Age 2004

2005 Handbooks

  • Women of Marvel 2005
  • Marvel Knights 2005
  • X-Men: Age of Apocalypse 2005
  • Spider-Man 2005
  • Teams 2005
  • Fantastic Four 2005
  • Avengers 2005
  • Ultimate Spider-Man / Ultimate Fantastic Four 2005
  • Alternate Earths 2005
  • Horror 2005
  • X-Men 2005
  • Ultimates / Ultimate X-Men 2005

2006 Handbooks

  • A-Z #1: Abraxas to Batwing
  • A-Z #2: Benny Beckley to Crazy Eight
  • A-Z #3: Copperhead to Ethan Edwards
  • A-Z #4: Damon Dran to Goodman, Lieber, Kurtzberg and Holliway
  • A-Z #5: Gorgon to Jury
  • A-Z #6: Justice to Marvel
  • A-Z #7: Victor Mancha to Phantazia
  • A-Z #8: Nekra to Quoi
  • A-Z #9: Puppet Master to Shamrock
  • A-Z #10: Shadowoman to Tara
  • A-Z #11: Stranger to Ultimo
  • A-Z #12: Ultragirl to Arnim Zola

2007 Handbooks

  • A-Z Update #1: Amatsu-Kami to Walker
  • A-Z Update #2: Adam II to Zodiak
  • Spider-Man: Back in Black

Marvel Legacy Handbooks

  • Marvel Legacy: The 1960s Handbook
  • Marvel Legacy: The 1970s Handbook
  • Marvel Legacy: The 1980s Handbook
  • Marvel Legacy: The 1990s Handbook

Other Related Titles

  • New Avengers #1 Director's Cut
  • Young Avengers #1 Director's Cut
  • Secret War: From the Files of Nick Fury
  • Secrets of the House of M
  • Marvel Monsters: From the Files of Bloodstone and the Monster Hunters
  • New X-Men: Academy X - Yearbook Special #1
  • New Avengers: Most Wanted Files
  • X-Men: The 198 Files
  • Marvel Westerns: Outlaw Files
  • Planet Hulk: Gladiator Handbook
  • Civil War Files
  • Phoenix/Jean Grey profile in Scholastic-exclusive Marvel Encyclopedia: X-Men 2 TPB
  • Santa Claus profile in Marvel Holiday Special (2006)
  • Civil War Battle Damage Report

Where can I find the A-Z series bibliographies?

For space-saving reasons, it was decided to move the bibliography online @ as of the 2006 series. The bibliographies can be found by clicking here.

What profiles have been featured?

For a breakdown of who has been profiled where in all the various and sundry series of current Handbooks, please visit our Listings page here @

What Handbooks are due to be released next?

We are currently hard at work on a range of Handbook product for 2007, including an A-Z Update mini-series and more themed books.

Who are the current Handbook writers?

The head writer for the majority of the current Handbooks has been Jeff Christiansen, who also founded the unofficial Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe Website. The other writers to date have been:

Chris Biggs, Heather Buchanan, Ronald Byrd, Anthony Cotilletta, Jonathan Couper-Smartt, Patrick Duke, Wale Ekunsumi, Eric Engelhard, Mike Fichera, Anthony Flamini, Kevin Garcia, Jason Godin, Richard Green, Michael Hoskin, Bill Lentz, Sean McQuaid, Eric J. Moreels, Mark O'English, Mike O'Sullivan, Roger Ott, Mike Raicht, Barry Reese, Jacob Rougemont, Patrick Ryall, Gabriel Shechter, Al Sjoerdsma, Bryan Thiessen, Stuart Vandal, Kerry Wilkinson, David Wiltfong.

How do I become a Handbook writer?

We're really the wrong people to answer that question. You would need to contact Marvel directly. Their submissions guidelines are available by clicking here.

How do you go about writing each profile?

Once the list of profiles for each book has been chosen, the writers discuss the characters on it, and pick the entries they feel best suited to write. Once each writer has their list, they use a checklist of appearances our head writer, Jeff Christiansen, assembled and maintains, which lists virtually every character in the Marvel universe and where they appeared. From this point we follow similar methods to those established by the writers of the original (and Deluxe) volumes of the Marvel Handbooks (where appropriate and applicable, I will quote original Handbook scribe Mark Gruenwald's words on the subject, because he said it well, and there's no point trying to improve on perfection). The writer goes to the original comics, and reads "through the entry-subject's every appearance in chronological order, making notes of the significant data."

Like the original series (though on a lesser scale) we sometimes "look at the various gaps in the data, be it a never-disclosed real name or an unrecorded episode describing how an entry-subject got from point A to point B where we see it next. We then solicit original material from the writer and / or editor most closely associated with the entry-subject. Writers and/or editors either provide us with the material we request", give us permission to suggest options to fill that gap ourselves "or inform us that they would prefer to keep a bit of information a secret. We are proud to have certain information appear here in the Handbook for the first time anywhere." We also consider cases where there are conflicting historical accounts (inevitable in such an old and large mythos as Marvel's) or gray areas (such as who is actually a member of a team with informal membership requirements and who is just an ally who hangs around), and again, where possible, contact the original writers or original and current editors, to see if a ruling can be made to clarify the situation. Taking the information from these first two steps, an initial profile is assembled - unlike the method used on the Deluxe edition, we do not go to the previous Handbooks until after assembling the initial profile. This is firstly because we do not wish to short-change owners of the original volumes by consciously or unconsciously regurgitating what is simply an updated copy of something they bought many years ago, and secondly because any Handbook entry is a summary of the entry-subject's history, and going to the original comics may bring up relevant aspects of that history missed out from the previous summaries. We do, however, always check previous Handbook volumes where appropriate, as they can be the source of canonical information not given anywhere else; physical dimensions, true identities, names of relatives, and historical background have all been provided for the first (and in some cases only) time in those Handbooks, and must not be missed out if the new profile is to be accurate. Once any such information is added, the draft is then submitted to the writer group for comments and proof checking. Profiles will generally go through multiple drafts, with us repeating the initial steps of re-checking the original comics and querying the people who wrote and edited the character as often as required.

When we have finished our drafts, the profiles are all sent to our editor Jeff Youngquist, who likewise checks through all the profiles for mistakes and unclear information: in many cases, other editors relevant to given sections of the Marvel universe (such as Mike Marts for X-Men related entries) or writers closely associated with given entry-subjects will also check profiles; in all cases, continuity supremo Tom Brevoort scrutinizes our work, correcting anything he feels we have got wrong. Only then, once all these people have checked and double checked the work, does it gain the official Marvel seal of approval, and get sent to be put into Handbook format ready for the printers.

Is it true you are "just a bunch of fan writers"?

Every person working on the Handbooks is a fan. However, please don't take that as a negative judgment on either how much Marvel cares about the Handbooks, or on the quality of our work for same. Remember - Chris Claremont was and is a fan; John Byrne likewise; Peter David too. Walt and Louise Simonson - fans. Jim Starlin - fan. Neil Gaiman - fan. Alan Moore - fan. Mark Gruenwald - fan. Joe Quesada - fan. In fact, probably without exception, any artist or writer who started working in comics since the 1960s was and is a fan. Unless you are very successful, there are better paid jobs, and ones with more public prestige; most people working in the industry (on the creative side at least) started doing so because they are fans. And while we don't count ourselves on the same level as the comic luminaries I've listed, my point is that being a "fan" does not mean the work somehow automatically loses validity; instead please judge the Handbooks on the quality or otherwise of our work. Some of the Handbook writers make their professional living as writers; all of us are employed as writers of these books by Marvel. We work as a group collectively reviewing all of the profiles; over time we have assembled a panel of experts that function synergistically to identify the most obscure points, making the material as complete as possible, as well as identifying errata, making the material as correct as possible. All material published is reviewed and sanctioned by both Tom Brevoort and Jeff Youngquist. In addition, any time we are not certain about material, we will send it to the writers of the relevant stories for checking and clarification.

Fans? Absolutely, and proud of it. Just fans? No.

Which characters are going to be covered?

Unfortunately we are not at liberty to reveal who is featured in forthcoming Handbooks ahead of their scheduled release outside of those depicted on preview covers or in solicitation copy.

Why haven't you covered (insert character name)?

Marvel estimates it has nearly 5,000 "properties" (e.g. characters); over at the unofficial Marvel Appendix site, which many of the Handbook writers are involved with, we've already covered got more entries than that, and we haven't even listed any of the "big names". So far, we've produced some 380 entries over 13 Handbooks, and it doesn't take a Math genius to realize that's only just scratched the surface of what's there. The current format is for themed books, and in some cases, a given character hasn't been covered yet simply because an appropriate theme hasn't come round yet (Speedball, to take a random example, wouldn't fit any of the themes so far); in most other cases, it's because we simply haven't had enough Handbooks to get round to them yet. Groups such as the X-Men or Avengers (for example) have lengthy membership lists and hordes of enemies, and a single Handbook can't contain them all. Even if we were to only give every character within a single page entry, which we don't want to do because it would short-shift many characters, we still couldn't fit them all in a single volume. The Handbooks is a series, not a string of individual and unconnected books, and if you view it this way, the omission of a character from a given volume isn't quite so devastating. Sometimes, when deciding who makes the cut for a given book, we will have two equally worthy candidates vying for a place, and our decision can get swayed by which one is more likely to fit the remit of a subsequent book; if one of the characters could fit into a later book and another couldn't, then the character with more options will get held back. A good example of this was the Rhino; considered for the Spider-Man Handbook 2004, he was dropped to make more space for other Spidey villains, and included in the Hulk Handbook instead.

We've covered just over 420 entries in 15 Handbooks; the most comprehensive of the older Handbooks, the Deluxe Edition, covered just under 900, but it had a 20 volume run plus 8 update volumes to reach this total. Give us time :)

Are there any characters you cannot profile?

Sadly, yes. Licensed characters for whom Marvel no longer own the license are the main ones; you won't be seeing Rom the Spaceknight, the Micronauts (at least, the ones based on the toys), Conan, Fu Manchu, Red Sonja, Godzilla, the Shogun Warriors, the Human Fly, etc, any time soon. Creator-owned characters are also off limits, so no Groo, Coyote, or Alien Legion, I'm afraid. And obviously we can't do profiles for characters from other companies who have interacted with Marvel characters in various mini-series or one-shot crossovers - in other words, don't hold your breath for the Official Marvel Handbook of the Justice League of America. As reference volumes, we are usually okay to mention most of the above in chronicling the history of Marvel characters who they might have interacted with; we just can't do individual entries for them. There are also some characters who were part of a licensed properties' comic who belong to Marvel Comics - Starshine and Hybrid from Rom, Bug from the Micronauts, Dr. Demonicus from Godzilla, for example - and who we conceivably could cover one day.

Why don't you number characters?

In the past, the Handbooks would distinguish between characters of similar name by numbering them, eg Captain America I, Captain America II, etc. However, numbering is an inefficient way of tracking characters who share the same name. Is Betty Ross "Golden Girl I" because she appeared in the Marvel Universe several decades before Gwen Sabuki "Golden Girl II"? Or, since Gwen was active during WWII and Betty wasn't active until after the war, should the numbers be the other way around? Many people call Adrian Toomes "Vulture I" to distinguish him from Blackie Drago "Vulture II" and Clifton Shallot "Vulture III"... except there were at least two costumed criminals called the Vulture who pre-date Toomes and are simply less well-known than he is (and even more Vultures if you count Robert E. Howard related stories such as Conan). The trouble with the numbering is that:

  • it's easy to get wrong, because you overlook some obscure prior character with the same name (the Vulture)
  • it's easy to get wrong because some writer creates a retcon characters who now pre-dates everyone else on the list (the 1700s Captain America, the Gwen Sabuki Golden Girl, etc)
  • different people figure their numbering different ways (Golden Girl being the perfect example of this)
  • it doesn't actually supply any info to people who didn't realise there was more than one person of that name until they saw the numbering.

That's why the Handbooks now put the real name (or other clarifier if the real name is unknown or likewise identical) in parentheses after the names of characters where this kind of confusion could arise. It is longer, but makes more sense in the long run.

Why do you number Earths?

Initially, Alan Moore started it. In a Captain Britain strip written by Moore, the hero was involved in traveling to a number of alternate Earths, and encountered beings so used to dimension travel that they had numbered each reality the way we number highways. In Daredevils #7, p.8, commentators at the trial of Saturnyne speculated as to which alternate Earth Captain Britain originated from, listing a variety of numbered realities, before his home reality was identified on p.9 by the defendant as as being Earth-616, thereby providing the designator for the mainstream Marvel Earth, which has since been used in titles such as Excalibur, 1602, Exiles and others. Numerous theories as to why Mr. Moore chose that specific number have proliferated across the net since then, ascribing various hidden meanings to it; however we recently asked his daughter Leah Moore and her partner John Reppion if they could ask Alan and solve the mystery once and for all, which they graciously did. The response: 616 "was just a random number of no significance chosen because people always seemed to be talking about "earth 2" or "earth 4" but never any higher numbers." Earth-616 is the shortest and most concise way we have of saying "mainstream Marvel Earth/reality/universe", and we continue to use this designation in the Handbooks when we need to distinguish characters from that Earth from any extradimensional counterparts. To say "our Earth" would be wrong; last time we checked, our NYC wasn't home to a range of superhero teams. To say "Marvel universe" is inexact; the future timelines of Spider-Girl, the Guardians of the Galaxy, Killraven, etc, are all Marvel universes.

Additionally, we give Earth designators for characters from other realities. While some timelines could be briefly distinguished using the names of the series or imprint they originated from (Earth X, Earth MC2, Earth Mutant X), many more cannot. The meaning of Earth DoFP (Days of Future Past) is no less confusing to a comics newcomer than Earth-811 is. There are two distinct Earth 2099A.D.s. More importantly, some alternate timeline characters have multiple distinct versions running around; Killraven for example (his original series, the version seen in Avengers Forever, the version from his 2004 mini-series, and possibly the one who traveled to Earth X), or Hyperion (the Squadron Supreme version, the Supreme Power version, the evil Exiles version, the Earth-616 version and the older version who traveled to Earth X). By providing a designator number with any such character, a reader can compare mentions of Killraven or Hyperion in different Handbook entries, and know that if the designator matches, it is the same Killraven / Hyperion.