Dell Rusk, Bettman P. Lyles, the Agent of a Thousand Faces, The Man, Cyrus Fenton, Teacher, Tod March, John Smith, Aleksander Lukin.
Citizen of Germany sought by authorities throughout the world for war crimes and major offenses
Place of Birth
An unidentified village in Germany
Captain America Comics #1 (1941), (modern) Tales of Suspense #66 (1965)
Tales of Suspense #66 (1965), Captain America #298 (1984)
(original body) 6'1"; (cloned body) 6'2"
(original body) 195 lbs; (cloned body) 240 lbs
(both bodies) Blue
(original body) Reddish blond, later none; (cloned body) blond, later none
In his late teens during the rise of the Third Reich, Shmidt got his most prosperous job, a bellhop in a major hotel. There he served the rooms of Adolf Hitler himself. By chance, he was present when Hitler was furiously berating an officer and swore he could train Johann himself, a simple bellhop, to be a better National Socialist. Looking closely at him and sensing his dark inner nature, Hitler decided to take up the challenge and recruited Shmidt.
Dissatisfied with the standard drill instruction his subordinates used to train Shmidt, Hitler took over personally. Upon completion, Hitler gave Shmidt a unique uniform with a grotesque red skull mask, and he emerged as the Red Skull. His role was the embodiment of Nazi intimidation, while Hitler could remain the popular leader of Germany. The Red Skull was appointed head of Nazi terrorist activities with an additional large role in external espionage and sabotage. He was spectacularly successful, wreaking havoc throughout Europe in the early stages of World War II. The propaganda effect was so great that the United States government decided to counter it by creating their own equivalent using the recipient of the lost Operation Rebirth, Steve Rogers, Captain America.
The two counterparts soon clashed in what would be a series of engagements throughout the war, ending with a final battle that left the Skull buried under the rubble of a bombed building. Because he was immediately exposed to an experimental gas there, he remained in suspended animation for decades.
Johann was eventually rescued in modern times by the terrorist organization, HYDRA. The Skull quickly subverted a HYDRA cell to his own ambitions of world conquest and the death of Captain America.
Under the alias of Mr. Smith, the Red Skull had Douglas Rockwell, the head of the U.S. president's Commission on Superhuman Activities, make unreasonable demands upon Captain America, while arranging for the Taskmaster to train a replacement for Captain America, appointed the violent and mentally unstable John Walker. When the CSA’s requests forced Rogers to relinquish the Captain America identity, the CSA assigned John Walker to fill the role. As the new Captain America, Walker was manipulated by the Skull to act in a manner which publicly disgraced the image of the hero. The Skull then tried unsuccessfully to use Walker to kill Rogers (now “the Captain.”) When Rogers defeated Walker, the Skull tried to blow the Dust of Death on Rogers. Walker hit the Skull him from behind with his shield, exposing Shmidt to the dust. He suffered the signature facial disfigurement attributed to the Dust, yet survived due to years of exposure to low doses.Magneto buried him alive with enough water for a few months. The Skull remained there until he was rescued by his henchman Crossbones.
Red Skull had control over multiple criminal organizations, including the Watchdogs, a group of right-wing militiamen, and Scourge of the Underworld, an organization devoted to murdering super villains. The Skull is usually ignored by other villains because of his Nazi background, proposed an alliance with the Kingpin to bring a new designer drug to New York but the Kingpin refused to form an alliance with a Nazi. He then defeated the Skull in hand to hand combat, sparing his life on the condition he never come near the Kingpin's territory again. Fellow Nazi Baron Wolfgang von Strucker, leader of the terrorist organization, Hydra, after the Skull's agents allow Strucker to be reborn, gratefully allowed the Skull the use of HYDRA's resources.Recently, Red Skull manipulated his way into the position of Secretary of State as Dell Rusk to develop a biological weapon he tested at Mount Rushmore, only to be assassinated by the Winter Soldier, under orders from the former Soviet general Aleksander Lukin, who wanted to possess the Cosmic Cube. When the Skull was shot, he was on the phone with Lukin and was holding the Cosmic Cube. He attempted to switch bodies with Lukin to survive, but with the cube being weak and him dying, it didn't completely work. Instead the Skull only managed to transfer his mind into Lukin's body; now the two enemies are trapped together.