Modernization efforts by the current inhabitants under the leadership of chieftain Black Panther (T'Challa)
Wakandan tribal civilization
Black Warrior Creek, Central Wakanda Palace, Charms of the Chilling Mist, Crystal Forest, Domain of the White Gorillas, Jabari village, Mount Kanda, Mount Wakanda, N'Jadaka village, Panther Island, Paradise Forest, Piranha Cove, Primitive Peaks, Resuraction Altar, River of Grace & Wisdom, Serphent Valley, T'Chaka Path, Techano-Jungle, Torment Forest, Tranquility Temple, Twisted Visions Lake, Vibranium Mound, Warrior Falls, Woods of Solitude
Government: Absolute monarchy
Major Languages: Wakandan, Yoruba
Monetary Unit: Wakandan dollar
Major Resources: Vibranium, uranium, coal, diamonds, aeronautics, aircraft manufacture
National Defense: The Wakandan army is the country's main ground forces, while the Wakandan Navy oversees naval operations. The Wakandan Air Guard is the Nations air force, which includes pilots wearing powerful suits of combat armor. Specialized forces includes the Panther Guard (aka "Panther Posse"). The Hatut Zeraze ("Dogs of War")was formerly the nation's secret police; although it was officially disband, they continue to operate in what they believe is their homeland's best interest. The Dora Milaje are the kings personal bodyguards.
Fantastic Four #52 (1966)
Wakanda is a small nation located in equatorial Africa named for its native inhabitants, the Wakandans. Wakanda is a nation of vast contrasts. While tribal in government and relatively primitive in certain aspects of its culture, Wakanda possesses technology often more sophisticated than anywhere else on Earth.
Until relatively recently, the Wakandans lived as their ancestors did, primarily a hunter-gatherer society with some cultivation of crops. Central to the Wakandan's myth and ritual was a small mountain of ore which according to legends fell from the sky. This meteoric ore was later found to be Vibranium, an extraterrestrial metal capable of absorbing all sonic vibrations. For generations, the Wakandans worshiped at the site of the mound and founded the Cult of the Panther, which paid homage to their native predator, the black panther, which guarded the sacred mountain. It all changed when a British hunting expedition happened to take note of the unusual mound of ore. The renegade scientist Ulysses Klaw attempted to forcibly seize the valuable Vibranium, but he was opposed by T'Chaka, the chieftain of the Wakandas as well as the head of the Black Panther Cult. T'Chaka was slain by Klaw's mercenaries, but it was his son, T'Challa, who managed to drive the foreign invaders away. Realizing the vast wealth of the Vibranium deposit, the Wakandas quickly became one of the wealthiest countries in the world for merely small quantities of Vibranium.The Wakandas took care to let no outsider know the exact location of the deposit for fear of theft. T'Challa, became educated in the universities abroad, then returned to Wakanda to assume leadership of the tribe. His newfound business and scientific expertise enabled the Wakandans to further parlay the Vibranium deposit into even greater wealth.
Wakanda burst upon the public scene when T'Challa invited the Fantastic Four to his country as guests. When they arrived, he stalked and subdued each of the Four, all to test his own prowess as a warrior. The Fantastic Four forgave him for his seeming hostilities and helped him battle Klaw, who had returned to make a bid to steal the Vibranium, this time with a weapon utilizing Vibranium acquired illegally on the free market. Although he has taken numerous short leaves from the kingdom (such as his stint of membership among the Avengers), T'Challa has learned that he cannot lead his people without living among them. He still strives to reconcile the polar extremes of Wakanda culture, to make the tribal and the technological peaceably coexist.